Community Resolution Disposal Procedure
Community resolutions, which can include elements of Restorative Justice, are an available option for adults or young people and are a non-statutory disposal. They are a method of dealing with a suspect proportionately for low-level less serious matters rather than progressing to more formal outcomes.
Community Resolution can be used following arrest or voluntary attendance processes as well as being an option for officers on initial attendance if the matter can be progressed at that stage.
By encouraging suspects to face up to the impact of their behaviour and to take responsibility for making good any harm caused, a Community Resolution can reduce the likelihood of their reoffending. There must be an acceptance of responsibility on behalf of the suspect to undertake a Community Resolution response.
The most appropriate offences to warrant a Community Resolution are likely to be less serious matters such as criminal damage, low-value theft, minor assaults (without injury) and anti-social behavior (ASB). Less serious is not nationally defined but should be determined on a case by case basis taking into consideration the following;
- The type of offence;
- The suspect’s criminal record;
- The circumstances of the offence (The classification of the offence may appear serious although the circumstances may be less so and a Community Resolution may be appropriate);
- Risk to the public and community confidence in the police;
- Likely penalty; and
- Whether Community Resolution is appropriate given the circumstances of the offence.
As a result of the local Community Remedy approach, victims of low-level crime and anti-social behaviour have a greater say in what happens to those individuals who have caused them harm. Although the focus of Community Remedy is on victims, the aim is also to have a positive impact on the offender in order to reduce re-offending and further acts of low-level crime or ASB. This is in line the Commissioner’s vision, shared by the Chief Constable, which puts victims at the heart of the North Yorkshire Police approach to tackling crime and ASB.
Community Resolution approaches can have a significant impact on reducing re-offending whilst increasing victim and community satisfaction and confidence.
The main benefits of adopting a Community Resolution approach to low level detected crime and ASB are:
- delivery of swift, simple and effective justice
- proportionate response
- the use of discretion
- increase officer visibility and availability as a result of reduced demand
Research has shown that the use of ‘Restorative Justice’ techniques can be hugely beneficial in reducing reoffending and improving the outcome for the victim. This procedure identifies those low-level offences that are suitable for consideration by officers/staff immediately and indicates where higher levels of authority are required of a Sergeant or Inspector prior to delivery of the Community Resolution Disposal or Restorative Justice outcome.Last modified: February 3, 2021 [application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document]