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Explanatory notes


This table breaks down in which police area within North Yorkshire the incident occurred, and is comparable with numbers of police officers and incidents in those areas.

Incident Location

This table identifies where the use of force incident occurred. In some cases the incident will have occurred in more than one location which accounts for the total number being higher than the total number of submitted forms. If the incident took place in multiple locations then those completing the record will select all that apply.

Tactic Used

This table shows the tactics that officers and staff have used during the incident. This is intended to help develop an understanding of how often tactics are used in isolation and how often multiple force tactics are used collectively. The data obtained allows police forces to identify the number of tactics used and in what order.

In relation to irritant spray,  North Yorkshire Police use PAVA spray. If the item is drawn with the immediate intention of deploying it, then the advice is to select ‘used’ on the record. If, however, the item is drawn as a deterrent and subsequently used then the record should indicate it was both ‘drawn’ (indicating it was an unsuccessful tactic) and also ‘used’. The same applies with Baton drawn and used. In North Yorkshire police officers are equipped with a straight expandable baton known as an ASP.

The national use of force record also includes compliant handcuffing. There remain valid operational reasons why subjects would be handcuffed even when they appear to be compliant – such as where a drugs search will take place or where there is intelligence to suggest handcuffing may be necessary and proportionate. When a record is completed by the officer they have the opportunity to select multiple options in order of use. It is expected in many situations that officers will have used tactical (verbal) communications as a first option prior to any escalation in options. Where tactical communications were successful and there was no other requirement for any further tactical options then a use of force record would not ordinarily be required.

Is Subject Under 18 Years Old?

This table shows the breakdown between adult and under-18-year-olds. The total relates to the number of forms and not individuals subjected to force. As will be shown in the ‘Tactics used’ section, there are circumstances where no physical application of force was used such as where baton, irritant spray and Taser are drawn but not deployed.

Gender of Subject Officer Perceived

This table refers to the gender of the subject as the officer perceives it to be.

Ethnicity of Subject Officer Perceived

This table refers to the ethnicity of the subject as the officer perceives it to be. The total number relates to total number of records created and not the total number of subjects. In some cases the same subject may have been involved in a use of force incident on more than one occasion.

Subject Injury

This table shows how many records identified that the subject was injured as a result of the use of force. This does not include injuries that the subject had prior to the force. A minor injury is an injury reported that may require some simple first aid but does not meet the definition of severe. A severe injury is a fracture, deep cut, deep laceration or any injury causing damage to an internal organ or the impairment of any bodily function or, an injury which, after initial assessment at hospital, requires formal admission to hospital.

Were You Assaulted By The Subject?

Police officers and staff are asked to indicate on the record whether they were injured in any way during the use of force incident, even if they would consider it to be minor.  Accidental or coincidental injuries not related to the incident should not be considered. This question is aimed at capturing how often officers are injured as a result of incidents in which they have had to use force, the level of those injuries and will help assess the level of threat that officers face more generally.

Were You Spat At?

Police officers and staff should only select ‘yes’ if they were personally spat at during the incident.