Home > What we do > Use of force > July 2017 – September 2017

July 2017 - September 2017

Summary

Record-level data cannot be interpreted easily by the public so we have provided the following summary to help contextualise the use of force data.

There are a number of options on the form for some questions and in many cases there will be a nil return. Where there is a nil return on the data then the option is not shown on the summary tables.


Command Total
York and Selby SNC 400
Scarborough and Ryedale SNC 220
Harrogate and Craven SNC 180
Hambleton and Richmond SNC 67
Out of force 7
Total 874

This table breaks down in which police area within North Yorkshire the incident occurred, and is comparable with numbers of police officers and incidents in those areas.


Incident Location Total
Street/Highway 492
Custody block 147
Dwelling 175
Hospital/A&E (non mental health setting) 17
Open ground (e.g. park, car park, field) 48
Police vehicle with prisoner handling cage 24
Other 32
Retail premises 27
Licensed premises 17
Police station (excluding custody block) 8
Mental health setting 18
Police vehicle without prisoner handling cage 1
Ambulance 4
Public transport 2
Sports or event stadia (when used inside of the stadium) 2
Total 1014

This table identifies where the use of force incident occurred. In some cases the incident will have occurred in more than one location which accounts for the total number being higher than the total number of submitted forms. If the incident took place in multiple locations then those completing the record will select all that apply.


Gender of Subject Officer Perceived Total
Male 697
Female 177
Total 874

This table refers to the gender of the subject as the officer perceives it to be.  There is an option of Transgender on the form but there were nil returns in that field for this period.


Is subject Under 18 Years Old Total
No 757
Yes 117
Total 874

This table shows the breakdown between adult and under-18-year-olds. The total relates to the number of forms and not individuals subjected to force. As will be shown in the ‘Tactics used’ section, there are circumstances where no physical application of force was used such as where baton, irritant spray and Taser are drawn but not deployed.


Ethnicity of Subject Officer Perceived Total
White 831
Black (or Black British) 17
Don’t know 10
Asian (or Asian British) 6
Mixed 4
Other 4
Chinese 2
Total 874

This table refers to the ethnicity of the subject as the officer perceives it to be.  The total number relates to total number of records created and not the total number of subjects.  In some cases the same subject may have been involved in a use of force incident on more than one occasion.


Tactic Used Total
Tactical communications 510
Unarmed skills (including pressure points, strikes, restraints and takedowns) 370
Compliant handcuffing 276
Non-compliant handcuffing 254
Ground restraint 142
TASER 57
Limb/Body restraints 46
Irritant spray – PAVA used 39
Other/improvised 28
Irritant spray – PAVA drawn 18
Firearms 17
AEP (Baton gun) drawn 11
Spit guard 11
Dog deployed 6
Baton drawn 4
Baton used 3
Dog biting 1
Shield 1
Total 1794

This table shows the tactics that officers and staff have used during the incident. This is intended to help develop an understanding of how often tactics are used in isolation and how often multiple force tactics are used collectively. The data obtained allows police forces to identify the number of tactics used and in what order.

It is expected in many situations that officers will have used tactical (verbal) communications as a first option prior to any escalation in options.  Where tactical communications were successful and there was no other requirement for any further tactical options then a use of force record would not ordinarily be required.

When a record is completed by the officer they have the opportunity to select multiple options in order of use.

The national use of force record also includes compliant handcuffing. There remain valid operational reasons why subjects would be handcuffed even when they appear to be compliant – such as where a drugs search will take place or where there is intelligence to suggest handcuffing may be necessary and proportionate.

In relation to irritant spray,  North Yorkshire Police use PAVA spray. If the item is drawn with the immediate intention of deploying it, then the advice is to select ‘used’ on the record. If, however, the item is drawn as a deterrent and subsequently used then the record should indicate it was both ‘drawn’ (indicating it was an unsuccessful tactic) and also ‘used’. The same applies with Baton drawn and used. In North Yorkshire police officers are equipped with a straight expandable baton known as an ASP.


Use of Taser Total
Drawn 20
Aimed 4
Red-dotted 21
Fired 9
Total 54

Subject Injury Total
Minor 53
Severe 2
Total 55

This table shows how many records identified that the subject was injured as a result of the use of force. This does not include injuries that the subject had prior to the force. A minor injury is an injury reported that may require some simple first aid but does not meet the definition of severe. A severe injury is a fracture, deep cut, deep laceration or any injury causing damage to an internal organ or the impairment of any bodily function or, an injury which, after initial assessment at hospital, requires formal admission to hospital.


Were you assaulted by the subject Total
No 803
Yes 71
Total 874

Police officers and staff are asked to indicate on the record whether they were injured in any way during the use of force incident, even if they would consider it to be minor.  Accidental or coincidental injuries not related to the incident should not be considered. This question is aimed at capturing how often officers are injured as a result of incidents in which they have had to use force, the level of those injuries and will help assess the level of threat that officers face more generally.


Were you spat at Total
No 840
Yes 34
Total 874

Police officers and staff should only select ‘yes’ if they were personally spat at during the incident.


Data

You can download use of force data in spreadsheet format.

Use of force July 2017 - September 2017[xlsx]